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Edward and Orra White Hitchcock Papers

 Collection
Identifier: MA.00027

Scope and Contents

The Edward and Orra White Hitchcock Papers document the professional activities and some of the personal life of Edward Hitchcock and Orra White Hitchcock and their family, spanning the years 1804-1910, with the bulk of the material falling into the period 1820-1864. The Papers occupy approximately 20 linear feet of shelf space.

The breadth of Edward Hitchcock's career and professional activities are represented in the Papers and reflect his multiple roles and interests as a scientist, educator, minister, college president, and family man. Hitchcock's career in the natural sciences brought him into the national arena as a noted geologist. His Final Report on the Geology of Massachusetts is well documented in the Papers as is the breadth of his scientific and religious works. His circle of colleagues and associates was extensive and his interests varied. Because of Hitchcock's overlapping professional and personal commitments, a researcher should check all series in the Papers for relevant material.

Although Orra White Hitchcock is less thoroughly represented in the Papers, the material that has survived documents her artistic and scientific activities as well as her family responsibilities. It provides a picture of her diverse roles as artist, scientific illustrator of her husband's works, wife, mother, and member of the College and town community. The diaries she kept when she accompanied her husband on their European trips, along with her ad hoc sketches, reflect the acuity with which she observed the world around her.

Family-related material includes correspondence with Edward and Orra's children, and some material about Edward's parents and siblings.

Materials in the Papers include correspondence, drawings, legal documents, sermons, drafts of published and unpublished works, printed articles, autographs, artwork, and images.

Dates

  • 1805-1910
  • Majority of material found within 1811 - 1864

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

In general, there is no restriction on access to the Edward Hitchcock Papers for research use. Particularly fragile items are restricted for preservation purposes. Materials from other institutions which are found in the Hitchcock Papers cannot be duplicated, as indicated.

Conditions Governing Use

Requests for permission to publish material from the Papers should be directed to the Archivist of the College. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Biographical / Historical

Eminent 19th-century scientist, educator and minister, Edward Hitchcock (1793-1864) served Amherst College for almost forty years as a member of the faculty and as president. Hitchcock came to Amherst after serving as principal of Deerfield Academy and minister for the Congregational Church in Conway. Appointed Professor of Chemistry and Natural History in 1826, Hitchcock filled that position until 1845 when he was appointed President and Professor of Natural Theology and Geology. He served as President from 1845 until 1854. During that time, Hitchcock was responsible for Amherst's recovery from extreme financial depression. In 1854 Hitchcock retired from the presidency and became Professor of Natural History and Geology, the position which he held until his death in 1864. In addition to saving the College from financial disaster, Hitchcock is credited with providing Amherst with its reputation for scientific teaching and developing its scientific resources in support of the curriculum.

Professionally, Hitchcock was a noted figure in the development of the natural sciences during the 19th century. He was appointed State Geologist of Massachusetts in 1830, Geologist of the first district of New York in 1836, and Geologist of Vermont in 1857. While Hitchcock's most significant work was in geology, in the discipline of ornithichnology (the study of fossil footmarks), he studied botany, chemistry, mineralogy, and zoology, among other natural sciences. Hitchcock published numerous monographs, scientific studies, essays, and articles. He lectured widely and undertook significant scientific expeditions.

A deeply religious man, Hitchcock regularly gave religious lectures. He advocated temperance, and was a defender of evangelical christianity. In his professional writings and activities, Hitchcock sought to reconcile religion and science.

In 1821, Edward Hitchcock married Orra White (1796-1863). They had served together as instructors at Deerfield Academy. A scholar and artist in her own right, Orra accompanied Hitchcock on many of his scientific expeditions. She sketched in the field and illustrated many of his numerous works and lectures. After coming to Amherst Orra was active in both the College and greater town community. Together they had 8 children, two of whom were graduates of Amherst. Orra died in 1863. Both Edward and Orra White Hitchcock are buried in West Cemetery in Amherst.

Sources for chronologies:

Foose, Richard M., and John Lancaster, "Edward Hitchcock: News England Geologist, Minister, and Educator," in Northeastern Geology, vol. 3, January, 1981, pp. 13-17.

Worman, Eugene C. Jr., "The Watercolors and Prints of Orra White Hitchcock," in AB Bookman's Weekly, February 13, 1989, vol. 83, no. 7, pp. 646-668.

Extent

20 Linear feet (24 archives boxes, 4 half archives boxes, 6 flat boxes, 1 oversize archives boxes, 1 mapcase drawer)

Language of Materials

English

Abstract

The Edward and Orra White Hitchcock Papers contain correspondence, drawings, legal documents, sermons, drafts of published and unpublished works, printed articles, autographs, artwork, and images relating to the professional activities and some of the personal life of Edward Hitchcock, Orra White Hitchcock, and their family. The material spans the years 1804-1910, with the bulk of the material falling into the period 1820-1864. Edward Hitchcock's work as a minister and nationally noted geologist is well documented in the papers. Orra White Hitchcock is less thoroughly represented. The collection contains the diaries she kept when she accompanied her husband on their European trips, along with her ad hoc sketches.

Arrangement

This collection is organized into fourteen series:

  1. 1. Edward Hitchcock: Personal Affairs [1811-1864]
  2. 2. Edward Hitchcock: Correspondence [1815-1863]
  3. 3. Edward Hitchcock: Sermons [1819-1861]
  4. 4. Edward Hitchcock: Amherst College Classroom Lecture Notes [1826-1855]
  5. 5. Edward Hitchcock: Published Writings - Major Works [1830-1863]
  6. 6. Edward Hitchcock: Published Writings - Other Works [1812-1863]
  7. 7. Edward Hitchcock: Unpublished Writings [1809-1864]
  8. 8. Edward Hitchcock: Images [1853-1863]
  9. 9. Orra White Hitchcock: Personal Affairs [1863, n.d.]
  10. 10. Orra White Hitchcock:Correspondence [1816-1860]
  11. 11. Orra White Hitchcock: Art [ca. 1812- ca. 1854]
  12. 12. Orra White Hitchcock: Unpublished Writings [1810-1854]
  13. 13. Orra White Hitchcock: Images [ca. 1860]
  14. 14. The Family of Edward Hitchcock [ca. 1805-1910]

Immediate Source of Acquisition

Materials in the Edward and Orra White Hitchcock Papers were given to the College in the early twentieth century by their sons Edward Hitchcock, Jr. (AC 1849) and Charles H. Hitchcock (AC 1856). Additional materials were collected from members of the Hitchcock family and added by Margaret Hitchcock Emerson, their great-granddaughter, during the 1940s.

Existence and Location of Copies

Images from this collection are also available online as part of Amherst College Digital Collections (acdc.amherst.edu).

Related Materials

Because of the Hitchcock family's longtime connections with the College, the Amherst College Archives and Special Collections has information about Edward and Orra White Hitchcock and their family beyond what is found in these Papers. See the following collections for additional material:

Amherst College President's Office Records: Edward Hitchcock

Biographical Files

Buildings and Grounds Collection

Clubs and Societies Collection

Early History Collection

General Files: Early History

Edward Jr. (AC 1849) and Mary Judson Hitchcock Papers

Orra White Hitchcock Classroom Drawings

General

[Note: only selected and major works by Hitchcock are listed.]

Edward Hitchcock (1793-1864)

1793 May 24
Born in Deerfield, Mass.
Parents: Justin Hitchcock and Mercy Hoyt Hitchcock
1816-1818
Principal, Deerfield Academy, Deerfield, Mass.
1815
Publishes his determination of the longitude of Deerfield, Mass. (based on observations of the solar eclipse of 1811) in Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, vol. III, p. 307-9.
1819-1820
Studies theology at Yale College
1821 May 31
Marriage to Orra White, Amherst, Mass. They have eight children, six of whom survive childhood.
1822
A son born; d. March 15, 1824
182?
Child born; d. at birth
1824
Mary Hitchcock born
1828
Edward ("Doc") Hitchcock (AC 1849) born
1825?
Catharine Hitchcock born
1833
Jane E. Hitchcock born
1836
Charles H. Hitchcock (AC 1856) born
1838
Emily Hitchcock born
1821-1825
Minister, Congregational Church, Conway, Mass.
1825 Oct-1826 Jan
Residence in New Haven, Conn.; studies chemistry 1826 Jan with Benjamin Silliman of Yale
1826
Appointed to the faculty of Amherst College as professor of chemistry and natural history
[1823-1842]
Studies in surface geology, especially the origins of deltas, terraces, polished rock surfaces et al. by action of moving waters (later, glacial dispersion)
1822 Dec 11
Paper read before the American Geological Society: "Mineralogy and Scenery of the Regions Contiguous to the River Connecticut, with a Geological Map ...."
1830
Appointed State Geologist of Massachusetts
1833
Report on the Geology, Mineralogy, Botany and Zoology of Massachusetts. In four parts; 700 p. Amherst: Adams
1835
Report on the Geology [etc]... of Massachusetts. Second edition revised; 702 p. Amherst: Adams
1836
Appointed geologist of the first district of the survey of New York
1840
First president of the Association of American Geologists and Naturalists (later, American Association for the Advancement of Science)
Elementary Geology, 329 p. Amherst: Adams. Reprinted many times, with major revisions in 1841, 1847, 1854, and 1860
1841
First Anniversary Address before the Association of American Geologists. American Journal of Science, with proceedings of the meeting, vol. XLI
Final Report of the Geology of Massachusetts. In four parts; 831 p. Amherst: Adams
[1842-1848]
Studies of fossil footprints in Massachusetts and Connecticut (i.e. the valley of the Connecticut River)
1845-1854
President of Amherst College
1850 May-Oct
Travels in Europe
1856
Appointed State Geologist of Vermont
1857
Illustrations of Surface Geology. Washington: Smithsonian Institution
1861
Report on the Geology of Vermont (with his sons and Albert Hager). 2 vols.; 988 p. Claremont, New Hampshire
1863
Reminiscences of Amherst College. Northampton: Bridgman & Childs
1864 Feb 27
Dies in Amherst, Mass., less than one year after the death on May 26, 1863 of his wife, Orra; burial in West Cemetery

Orra White Hitchcock (1796-1863)

1796 Mar
Born in South Amherst, Mass.
Parents: Jarib White Ruth Sherman White
[1800?-1812?]
Educated at home by private tutor, then (ca. 1806-1811) at a boarding school in South Hadley, Mass., run by Abigail Wright and Sophia Goodrich; then at a "ladies' school" in Roxbury (Boston), Mass. [possibly Mrs. Haswell's Academy, which existed in Boston at least as early as 1812]
1813
Assistant Teacher, Deerfield Academy, Deerfield, Mass.
1818
First publication of a colored drawing: "A View of the Falls on the Connecticut River at Gill, Mass.," in Portfolio Magazine (Philadelphia).
Preceptress, Amherst Academy, Amherst, Mass.
1821 May 31
Marriage to Edward Hitchcock, Amherst, Mass.
1822
A son born, d. March 15, 1824
182?
Child born, d. at birth
1824
Mary Hitchcock born
1825?
Catharine Hitchcock born
1828
Edward ("Doc") Hitchcock (AC 1849) born
1833
Jane E. Hitchcock born
1836
Charles H. Hitchcock (AC 1856) born
1838
Emily Hitchcock born
1821-1822
Sketches and watercolors of Amherst College; includes the oil painting by her of the first building of Amherst College, shortly after its completion in September 1821
1821-1825
Residence in Conway, Mass., where Edward Hitchcock serves as minister of the Congregational Church
1825 Oct-1826 Jan
Residence in New Haven, Conn., where Edward Hitchcock studies chemistry with Benjamin Silliman at Yale
1826 Jan
Moves to Amherst, Mass., where Edward Hitchcock joins the faculty of Amherst College; residence in house at corner of South Pleasant and Hitchcock Road. Throughout his years of teaching, Orra provides illustrations for his class lectures and continues to illustrate his books and lectures
1833
Plates of eight drawings published in the atlas to the Report on the Geology, Mineralogy, Botany and Zoology of Massachusetts by Edward Hitchcock
1845
Edward Hitchcock assumes the presidency of Amherst College; family moves to the President's House on South Pleasant St., next to Morgan Hall
1850 May-Oct
Travels in Europe
1850-1851
Prepares two drawings and tints them by hand for the printed editions of Religious Lectures on Peculiar Phenomena in the Four Seasons by Edward Hitchcock; one of the drawings is "Autumnal Scenery, View in Amherst"
1855
Injury from a fall; end of artistic work, due to injuries and to deteriorating eyesight
1863 May 26
Dies in Amherst, Mass; burial in West Cemetery

Processing Information

Since different parts of the Papers were received at various times, there is no evidence of original order. In 1968, the bulk of the Papers was sorted and material in some sections was put in chronological order. In 1996 and 1997, the Papers were reviewed and arranged and described according to current archival standards. The result is more detailed access to information in all parts of the Papers. Where necessary, documentation about previous handling was maintained.

Processed:
1996 July - 1997 May
By:
Daria D'Arienzo, Archivist of the College
John Lancaster, Curator of Special Collections
Elaine Trehub, Archives Consultant
Peter Weis, Project Assistant
Finding Aid:
August 1997
Prepared by:
Daria D'Arienzo, Archivist of the College
John Lancaster, Curator of Special Collections
Donna Skibel, Archives Associate
Elaine Trehub, Archives Consultant
Peter Weis, Project Assistant
Edited by:
John Lancaster, Curator of Special Collections
Listed by:
Donna Skibel, Archives Associate
Peter Weis, Project Assistant
Carol Trabulsi, Senior Archives Associate
Janet Poirrier, Archives Assistant
Floyd Merritt, Archivist, Friends of the Amherst College Library
John Lancaster, Curator of Special Collections
Format:
Donna Skibel, Archives Associate
John Lancaster, Curator of Special Collections

Alphabetical Listing of Edward Hitchcock's Writings

"Abstract of a meteorological journal kept at Deerfield, (Mass.) beginning March 1817, and ending November 1818. North latitude 42 34' 32". West longitude 72 39' from London," The American Journal of Science, vol. 4, no. 2, manuscript journal and printed article 1822
aspace_ref781_fg5
Series 6, box 14, folder 17
"An abstract of the course of chemical lectures and recitations in Amherst College" n.d.
aspace_ref959_w2i
Series 6, box 17, folder 35
"Account of the discovery of the fossil jaw of an extinct family of sharks, from the coal formation," Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 9th Meeting (1855), 1856 1856
aspace_ref928_x9h
Series 6, box 17, folder 13
"Additional facts respecting the Clathropteris of East Hampton, Massachusetts," Proceedings of The American Association of Science for 1860, 1861, vol. 14 1861
aspace_ref950_2yo
Series 6, box 17, folder 28
"Additional facts respecting the tracks of the Otozoum moodii on the liassic sandstone of the Connecticut Valley," Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 9th Meeting (1855), 1856 1856
aspace_ref929_wej
Series 6, box 17, folder 14
Address at the dedication of the State Geological Hall, Albany, N.Y., extracted from New York Senate Document 109 1856
aspace_ref930_pdj
Series 6, box 17, folder 15
"Address on retiring from the presidency" detached from Discourses and Addresses at the Installation and Inauguration of the Rev. William A. Stearns, D.D., as President of Amherst College, and Pastor of the College Church 1855
aspace_ref926_ou3
Series 6, box 17, folder 12
Amherst College series, The Boston Recorder , vol. 17, nos. 15-22, 8 articles 1832 Apr-May
aspace_ref817_25r
Series 6, box 15, folder 5
"Analysis of coprolites from the new red sandstone formation of New England; by Samuel L. Dana, M.D.--with remarks by Prof. Hitchcock," The American Journal of Science, vol. 48 1844
aspace_ref873_g2f
Series 6, box 16, folder 19
"Analysis of marl from Farmington, Conn.," The American Journal of Science, vol. 36 1839
aspace_ref860_nr1
Series 6, box 16, folder 7
"Analysis of wines from Palestine, Syria and Asia Minor, and of specimens of American cider," The American Journal of Science, vol. 46, no. 2; with a reprint of the article in The Edinburgh New Philosophical Journal, v. 36, no. 73 1844
aspace_ref874_amu
Series 6, box 16, folder 20
"Answer to the 'Rejoinder' ...," by James Deane 1844, 1859
aspace_ref884_8ep
Series 6, box 16, folder 25
"The appeal"; The Franklin Herald 1812 Aug 11
aspace_ref758_0hk
Series 6, box 14, folder 1
Argument Against the Manufacture of Ardent Spirits, unsigned review in The Christian Examiner, vol. 14, no. 55 (new series vol. 9, no. 25) 1833 Mar
aspace_ref819_opy
Series 6, box 15, folder 7
Association of Ministers, article on faith, Boston Recorder & Telegraph, vol. 10, no. 28, new series 1825 Jul 8
aspace_ref800_lmv
Series 6, box 14, folder 32
Ayer's cherry pectoral endorsement, Liberator (Boston) 1851 Apr 18
aspace_ref908_nxj
Series 6, box 16, folder 44
"Basaltic rocks at Mount Holyoke, Mass." Parley's Magazine [ca. 1839?]
aspace_ref859_8jh
Series 6, box 16, folder 6
Berkshire County scenery series, The Boston Recorder , vol. 27, nos. 6, 10, 16, 23, 38, 39, 40; vol. 28, no. 2, 8 articles 1842 Feb-1843 Jan.
aspace_ref866_7gb
Series 6, box 16, folder 12
"Blessings of temperance in food," The American National Preacher , vol. 9, no. 6; with a reprint in The Wesleyan-Methodist Magazine , vol. 59, 1836 1834 Nov
aspace_ref825_899
Series 6, box 15, folder 11
Blunt's almanac controversy, Hitchcock and Blunt letters in the American Monthly Magazine and Critical Review 1817-1818
aspace_ref766_eri
Series 6, box 14, folder 7
"Case of optical illusion in sickness, with an attempt to explain its psychology," New Englander, 1845, vol. 3; manuscript of Hitchcock's two letters to N.W. Fiske; only the first was published 1845 Apr
aspace_ref893_wdr
Series 6, box 16, folder 31-32
"Catalogue of the Massachusetts State Cabinet, under charge of the Secretary of the Board of Agriculture" [rocks, minerals, and fossils] 1859
aspace_ref938_0cf
Series 6, box 17, folder 23
"Charge at the installation [of Amherst College President William A. Stearns]," detached from Discourses and Addresses at the Installation and Inauguration of the Rev. William A. Stearns, D.D., as President of Amherst College, and Pastor of the College Church 1855
aspace_ref927_5dq
Series 6, box 17, folder 12
"Chlorophoeite [and] Andalusite," The American Journal of Science , vol. 10 1826 Feb
aspace_ref803_4k3
Series 6, box 14, folder 35
"The coal field of Bristol County and of Rhode Island," The American Journal of Science , second series, vol 16, no. 48, ; with a reprint in Mining Magazine , vol. 1, no. 6, 1853 Dec 1853 Nov
aspace_ref919_ecx
Series 6, box 17, folder 6
"The connection between geology and natural religion," Biblical Repository and Quarterly Observer , vol. 5, no. 17 1835 Jan
aspace_ref834_oiv
Series 6, box 15, folder 15
"The connection between geology and natural religion," manuscript ca. 1835
aspace_ref832_lwt
Series 6, box 15, folder 14
"The connection between geology and the Mosaic history of the creation," draft, manuscript notebook; manuscript; [Part I-II], The Biblical Repository and Quarterly Observer , vol. 5, no. 18 (with a reprint in The Congregational Magazine , 1836); vol. 6, no. 20 1835 Apr
aspace_ref827_ha2
Series 6, box 15, folder 12-13
"Consequences of intemperance in eating," The American National Preacher , vol. 8, no. 12 1834 May
aspace_ref823_j1s
Series 6, box 15, folder 10
"The country almanack for 1813," manuscript, sewn booklet, 39 pp. ca. 1812
aspace_ref761_m2r
Series 6, box 14, folder 4
The Country Almanak 1815 (single clipping) [1815]
aspace_ref764_t74
Series 6, box 14, folder 5
"The cross in nature and nature in the cross," Bibliotheca Sacra , vol. 18, no. 70 1861 Apr
aspace_ref953_9ne
Series 6, box 17, folder 29
"Cylinders of snow," The American Journal of Science, vol. 2 1820
aspace_ref776_5tt
Series 6, box 14, folder 14
"Description by Captains Cook and Flinders of birds' nests of enormous size on the coast of New Holland," The American Journal of Science, vol. 47, no. 1; with a reprint of the article in The American Magazine of Natural History , vol. 14, 1844 1844 Apr-Jun
aspace_ref889_5x3
Series 6, box 16, folder 27
"Description of a brown coal deposit in Brandon, Vermont, with an attempt to determine the geological age of the principal hematite ore beds in the United States," The American Journal of Science, second series, vol. 15, no. 43 1853 Jan
aspace_ref915_8ao
Series 6, box 17, folder 3
"Description of a large bowlder in the drift of Amherst, Massachusetts, with parallel striae upon four sides," The American Journal of Science, second series, vol. 22 1857
aspace_ref937_pm1
Series 6, box 17, folder 22
"Description of a new species of botrychium; with a drawing," The American Journal of Science, vol. 6 1823
aspace_ref783_cka
Series 6, box 14, folder 19
"Description of a singular case of the dispersion of blocks of stone connected with drift, in Berkshire County, Massachusetts," The American Journal of Science, vol. 49, no. 2 1845 Jul-Sep
aspace_ref900_f0x
Series 6, box 16, folder 35
"Description of a slide on Mount Lafayette, at Franconia, New Hampshire," The American Journal of Science , second series, vol. 14, no. 40 1852 Jul
aspace_ref910_izi
Series 6, box 16, folder 46
"Description of five new species of fossil footmarks, from the red sandstone of the valley of Connecticut River," Reports of the First, Second, and Third Meetings of the American Association of Geologists and Naturalists, 1843 , with later typescript copy 1843
aspace_ref867_osb
Series 6, box 16, folder 13
"Description of several sections measured across the sandstone and trap of Connecticut River valley in Massachusetts," Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 9th Meeting (1855) , 1856 1856
aspace_ref931_twv
Series 6, box 17, folder 16
"Description of several species of fossil plants from the new red sandstone formation of Connecticut and Massachusetts," Report of the First, Second, and Third Meetings of the American Association of Geologists and Naturalists, 1843 , with later typescript copy 1843
aspace_ref868_sww
Series 6, box 16, folder 14
"Description of two new species of fossil footmarks found in Massachusetts and Connecticut, or, of the animals that made them," The American Journal of Science , second series, vol. 4, no. 10 1847 Jul
aspace_ref903_gja
Series 6, box 16, folder 38
"Did Christ advance any new moral precept?," signed "Docendus," The Christian Spectator , vol. 1 1819 Aug
aspace_ref775_i3l
Series 6, box 14, folder 13
"Discovery of more native copper in the town of Whately in Massachusetts, in the valley of Connecticut River, with remarks upon its origin," read before the Association of American Geologists and Naturalists at Albany, April 1843, The American Journal of Science , vol. 47 1844
aspace_ref875_6j0
Series 6, box 16, folder 21
"Discovery of the yttro-cerite in Massachusetts," The American Journal of Science , vol. 47; with a note about Hitchcock's paper on copper and yttro-cerite in The American Journal of Science , 1843 Oct, vol. 45 1844
aspace_ref876_4sf
Series 6, box 16, folder 22
"Distorted pebbles," Proceedings of the Boston Society of Natural History , vol. 7, p. 353, later typescript summary 1860 Oct 3
aspace_ref947_6w8
Series 6, box 17, folder 27
The downfall of Bonaparte (unpublished; in Series 7) 1815
aspace_ref992_9gm
Series 7, box 18, folder 6
"Dr. Hitchcock and Dr. Deane: who first scientifically investigated and described the fossil footmarks of the Connecticut Valley?" Reprints 2 letters of Edward Hitchcock (1859 Apr 1 to Henry I. Bowditch and 1859 May 10 to the "Springfield Republican") 1844, 1859
aspace_ref885_equ
Series 6, box 16, folder 25
Elementary Anatomy and Physiology , with Edward Hitchcock, Jr. (Series 5) 1859-1869
aspace_ref623_keg
Series 5, box 11, folder 1-2
Elementary Geology (Series 5) 1843-1858
aspace_ref627_yhw
Series 5, box 11, folder 3-6
"Exegesis of I Corinthians 15:35-44, as illustrated by natural history and chemistry," Bibliotheca Sacra , 1860 Apr, later transcript 1860 Apr
aspace_ref946_r7n
Series 6, box 17, folder 26
"Extract from a farewell discourse," The Christian Spectator 1826 Mar
aspace_ref804_8nb
Series 6, box 14, folder 36
"Extract of a letter from Prof. E. Hitchcock, embracing miscellaneous remarks upon fossil footmarks, the lincolnite, etc., and a letter from Professor Richard Owen, on the great birds' nests of New Holland," The American Journal of Science , vol. 48, no. 1 1844 Oct-Dec
aspace_ref890_b4v
Series 6, box 16, folder 28
"Extract of a letter from Prof. Hitchcock, respecting the Lincolnite," The American Journal of Science , vol. 47 1844
aspace_ref877_stq
Series 6, box 16, folder 23
Final Report on the Geology of Massachusetts (Series 5) 1830-1844
"First anniversary address before the Association of American Geologists, at their second annual meeting in Philadelphia, April 5, 1841," The American Journal of Science , vol. 41, with a resolution to publish address 1841 Oct
aspace_ref863_hp9
Series 6, box 16, folder 9
"Fossil footsteps in sandstone and graywacke," The American Journal of Science , vol. 32 1837
aspace_ref851_0e9
Series 6, box 16, folder 1
"The future condition and destiny of the earth," from "The Time of the End:" A Prophetic Period, Developing, as Predicted, an Increase of Knowledge Respecting the Prophecies and Periods that Foretell the End , Boston, 1856 1856
aspace_ref932_ccl
Series 6, box 17, folder 17
"A general survey of the works of God," The Christian Spectator, vol. 4, no. 7, 2 copies 1822 July 1
aspace_ref782_shs
Series 6, box 14, folder 18
"Geological Map of Massachusetts ... by Edward Hitchcock" inset in "Topographical Map of Massachusetts ..." 1844
aspace_ref879_emu
Series 6, East shelving mapcase #61
"Geological map of Massachusetts made by order of the legislature by Edward Hitchcock 1860," hand colored, annotated "from Wallings edition of Borden's map 1860" 1860
aspace_ref944_v0x
Series 5, box OS6, folder 8
"Geological map of the United States. Compiled by Professor Edward Hitchcock, L.L.D. 1860," hand colored 1860
aspace_ref945_ao9
Series 5, box OS6, folder 9
"'Geological map of the United States. Compiled by Professor Edward Hitchcock L.L.D. and C.H. Hitchcock A.M. of Amherst College. 1861' for R. P. Smith's wall map of the United States 1861," hand colored 1861
aspace_ref952_djx
Series 5, box OS6, folder 9
Geological questionnaire 1837 Aug 5
aspace_ref853_q4h
Series 6, box 16, folder 3
"Geology of the Hoosac Mountain. Testimony of President Edward Hitchcock, before the Legislative Committee," [Commonwealth of Massachusetts, House Documents] ca. 1854
aspace_ref921_27l
Series 6, box 17, folder 7
"Geology [of Western Massachusetts]--theoretical, economical and scenographical," 3 articles in The Springfield Daily Republican 1854 May 8-22
aspace_ref922_6dn
Series 6, box 17, folder 8
"German collections of rocks, minerals, etc..," The American Journal of Science , vol. 17, no. 2 1830
aspace_ref814_rgf
Series 6, box 15, folder 3
"The highest use of learning," incomplete, later typescript and carbon of inaugural address given in 1845 Apr 1845 Apr
aspace_ref897_7w9
Series 6, box 16, folder 33-34
"Hints on the iceberg theory of drift, in a letter from Mr. Peter Dobson to Edward Hitchcock" The American Journal of Science , vol. 46, no. 1 1843 Dec
aspace_ref872_76n
Series 6, box 16, folder 18
"The historical and geological deluges compared," manuscript outline; American Biblical Repository , 3 articles: 1837 Jan, 1837 Oct, 1838 Jan 1837-1838
aspace_ref855_3f8
Series 6, box 16, folder 4-5
Ichnology of New England (Series 5) 1858-1862
Illustrations of Surface Geology (Series 5) 1852-1859
"Importance of an early consecration to the missionary service," The Christian Spectator, vol. 10 (new series, vol. 2, no. 11) 1828 Nov
aspace_ref810_aon
Series 6, box 14, folder 42
"Inferences from facts respecting the erosions of the earth's surface, especially by rivers," Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 9th Meeting (1855) , 1856 1856
aspace_ref933_wza
Series 6, box 17, folder 18
"Influence of nervous disorders upon religious experience," The Christian Spectator, vol. 9 (new series vol. 1, no. 4) 1827 Apr
aspace_ref806_tp2
Series 6, box 14, folder 38
"The law of nature's constancy subordinate to the higher law of change," Bibliotheca Sacra, vol. 20, no. 79 1863 Jul
aspace_ref956_hyk
Series 6, box 17, folder 32
Letter on Southampton lead mine, in The North American Review , vol. 1 1815 Sep
aspace_ref765_lve
Series 6, box 14, folder 6
"Letter on the geological survey of Massachusetts," Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Senate Document no. 9 1837 Jan
aspace_ref852_4a2
Series 6, box 16, folder 2
Letter to C.B. Adams re: the geology of Vermont, in First Annual Report on the Geology of the State of Vermont , 1845 1845
aspace_ref892_zec
Series 6, box 16, folder 30
Letter to C.B. Adams re: the geology of Vermont, in Second Annual Report on the Geology of the State of Vermont , 1846 1846
aspace_ref901_glh
Series 6, box 16, folder 37
Letter to H.A.S. Dearborn, no. 25 in Report of the Commissioners of the State of Massachusetts, on the routes of canals from Boston Harbour, to Connecticut and Hudson Rivers 1826
aspace_ref801_sc7
Series 6, box 14, folder 33
"Miscellaneous notices of mineral localities, with geological remarks," The American Journal of Science , vol. 14 1828 Jul
aspace_ref808_hld
Series 6, box 14, folder 40
"Murders of fathers and murderers of mothers," (published by the American Tract Society, N.Y.), manuscript (sewn and loose pages) 1853
aspace_ref911_uh8
Series 6, box 17, folder 1-2
"Nature of intemperance in eating," The American National Preacher , vol. 8, no. 10 1834 Mar
aspace_ref821_m2w
Series 6, box 15, folder 9
"New facts and conclusions respecting the fossil footmarks of the Connecticut Valley," The American Journal of Science , second series, vol. 36, no. 106 1863 Jul
aspace_ref957_2gs
Series 6, box 17, folder 33
"New mineralogical hammer," The American Journal of Science , vol. 7, no. 1 1824
aspace_ref785_59x
Series 6, box 14, folder 21
"Notes on the geology of several parts of western Asia," Reports of the First, Second, and Third Meetings of the Association of American Geologists and Naturalists , 1843 1843
aspace_ref870_ox8
Series 6, box 16, folder 16
"Notice and review of the 'Reliquiae Diluvianae; or observations on the organic remains contained in caves, fissures, and diluvial gravel, and on other geological phenomena, attesting the action of an universal deluge,' by the Rev. William Buckland," The American Journal of Science , vol. 8, no. 2 1824 Aug
aspace_ref789_7e2
Series 6, box 14, folder 24
"Notice of 'The new method of determining the longitude by the culmination of the moon and stars: being a paper read before the Astronomical Society of London. To which are now added an Appendix, and a List of Stars, applicable to the purpose for the year 1825. By Francis Baily, Esq. F.R.S. and L.S.'," The American Journal of Science , vol. 9 1825
aspace_ref799_bwp
Series 6, box 14, folder 31
"Notice of a singular conglomerate, and of an interesting locality of trap tuff or tufa," The American Journal of Science , vol. 8, no. 2 1824 Aug
aspace_ref793_ckb
Series 6, box 14, folder 26
"Notice of several localities of minerals in Massachusetts," The American Journal of Science , vol. 9 1825
aspace_ref795_99g
Series 6, box 14, folder 28
"Notices of the geology of Martha's Vineyard and the Elizabeth Islands," The American Journal of Science , vol. 7 1824
aspace_ref788_9t0
Series 6, box 14, folder 23
Obituary for Mrs. Harriet W. Fowler, New York Observer , vol. 22, no. 15, 1844 Apr 13
aspace_ref888_z84
Series 6, box 16, folder 26
"On a new fossil fish, and new fossil footmarks," The American Journal of Science , second series, vol. 21 1856
aspace_ref934_rtk
Series 6, box 17, folder 19
"On a singular disruption of the ground, apparently by frost," The American Journal of Science , vol. 1 1819
aspace_ref771_reu
Series 6, box 14, folder 10
"On certain causes of geological change now in operation in Massachusetts," Boston Journal of Natural History , vol. 1, no. 2 1835 May
aspace_ref839_1yw
Series 6, box 15, folder 18
"On certain conglomerated and brecciated trachytic dykes in the lower silurian rocks of Shelburne, in Vermont; with special reference to the degree of heat at the time of their production," Proceedings of The American Association of Science for 1860 , 1861, vol. 14 1861
aspace_ref949_3vt
Series 6, box 17, folder 28
"On terraces and ancient sea beaches, especially those on the Connecticut River, and its tributaries in New England," Report of the Twentieth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1850) , 1851, and later typescript 1851
aspace_ref906_0nm
Series 6, box 16, folder 42
On the Brandon frozen well, The Freeman , copy of letter to the editor, not in Hitchcock's hand, requesting corrections to the note published on 1859 Sep 15 1859 Sep 15
aspace_ref943_xjs
Series 6, box 17, folder 25
"On the conversion of certain conglomerates into talcose and micaceous schists and gneiss, by the elongation, flattening and metamorphosis of the pebbles and the cement," The American Journal of Science , second series, vol. 31 1861 May
aspace_ref954_mgh
Series 6, box 17, folder 30
"On the discovery of fossil footmarks," by James Deane 1844, 1859
aspace_ref883_vdn
Series 6, box 16, folder 25
"On the erosions of the Earth's surface, especially by rivers," Report of the Twentieth Meeting of the British Association for the Advancement of Science (1850) , 1851, and later typescript 1851
aspace_ref907_uyn
Series 6, box 16, folder 43
"On the meteors of Nov. 13, 1833," The American Journal of Science , vol. 25, no. 2 1834
aspace_ref820_1a3
Series 6, box 15, folder 8
"On the original discovery of the fossil footmarks of New England," letter to Benjamin Silliman, editor of The American Journal of Science , intended for publication; apparently a precursor to the exchange between Deane and Hitchcock published in vol. 47, no. 2 of the journal [1844?]
aspace_ref880_7x5
Series , box OS1, folder 6
"On the river terraces of the Connecticut Valley, and on the erosions of the Earth's surface," Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Second Meeting (1849) , 1850, and later typescript 1850
aspace_ref905_blo
Series 6, box 16, folder 40
"On the terraces and sea beaches that have been formed since the drift period, especially those along the Connecticut River," in Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, Sixth Meeting (1851) , 1852 1852
aspace_ref909_cwu
Series 6, box 16, folder 45
"On the trap tuff, or volcanic grit of the Connecticut Valley, with the bearings of its history upon the age of the trap rock and sandstone generally in that valley," The American Journal of Science , second series, vol. 4, no. 11 1847 Sep
aspace_ref904_mlr
Series 6, box 16, folder 40
"Ornithichnites in Connecticut," The American Journal of Science , vol. 29, with a report by a Committee of the Association of American Geologists (1841) 1836
aspace_ref844_gi1
Series 6, box 15, folder 21
"Ornithichnology defended," The Knickerbocker , vol. 8; a response to a review of Edward Hitchcock's 1836 "Ornithichnology ..." 1836 Sep
aspace_ref848_h1v
Series 6, box 15, folder 23
"Ornithichnology--description of the foot marks of birds, (ornithichnites) on new red sandstone in Massachusetts," The American Journal of Science , vol. 29, and a report on this article by a Committee of the Association of American Geologists (1841) 1836
aspace_ref842_8m7
Series 6, box 15, folder 20
"The Pangynaskean Seminary," Mount Holyoke series, The Boston Recorder , vol. 20, nos.9-11, 3 articles 1835 Feb-Mar
aspace_ref836_ubt
Series 6, box 15, folder 16
"The phenomena of drift or glacio-aqueous action in North America, between the Tertiary and Alluvial periods" in Reports of the First, Second, and Third Meetings of the American Association of Geologists and Naturalists , 1843 1843
aspace_ref869_12c
Series 6, box 16, folder 15
"Physiology of the Gyropodium coccineum," The American Journal of Science , vol. 9, no. 1 1825
aspace_ref796_jg5
Series 6, box 14, folder 29
The Power of Christian Benevolence Illustrated in the Life of Mary Lyon (Series 5) 1849-1857
aspace_ref725_y6m
Series 5, box 13, folder 19-21
[The prodigal], signed "S.H.," The Christian Spectator, vol. 1 (poem) 1819 Jun
aspace_ref774_cat
Series 6, box 14, folder 12
"Rarified air balloons," The American Journal of Science , vol. 12 1827 Jun
aspace_ref807_6qt
Series 6, box 14, folder 39
Recommendation of an exhibition of submarine diving apparatus, photograph of poster 1854 Oct 28
aspace_ref925_nme
Series 6, box 17, folder 11
"Rejoinder to the preceding article ["On the discovery of fossil footmarks," by James Deane] ...," 1844, 1859
aspace_ref884_8ep
Series 6, box 16, folder 25
The Religion of Geology and its Connected Sciences (Series 5) 1851-1860
aspace_ref729_win
Series 5, box 13, folder 22-30
"The religious bearings of man's creation," (address delivered 1854-56, in various venues, published in Albany, 1856); [incomplete?] manuscript, apparently as delivered to the Theological Society at Dartmouth College, with 3 letters (1856 Sep 11, 1856 Sep 13, 1856 Oct 4) about publishing the sermon 1854-1856
aspace_ref935_3ny
Series 6, box 17, folder 20
Religious Lectures on Peculiar Phenomena in the Four Seasons , "Spring," manuscript notes, 2 pp.; with a review of the book from The Christian Examiner , 1850 ca. 1847
aspace_ref902_g2h
Series 6, box 16, folder 37
"Remarks additional to the review of Conybeare and Phillips's Geology of England and Wales, (vol. VII no. 2 of this Journal,) with reference to the communication of Professor Eaton in the last no. of this work, p. 261," The American Journal of Science , vol. 9, no. 1; with Eaton's note 1825
aspace_ref797_vln
Series 6, box 14, folder 30
Remarks at 25th anniversary of exercises at Mount Holyoke Female Seminary printed version and manuscript of the remarks, as sent on 1862 Sep 1 1862
aspace_ref955_ej4
Series 6, box 17, folder 31
Remarks in response to the presentation of the silver plate by Amherst College faculty and students 1859
aspace_ref940_m3n
Series 6, box 17
"Remarks on Professor Stuart's examination of Gen. 1. in reference to geology," Biblical Repository , vol. 7, no. 22 1836 Apr
aspace_ref847_1c3
Series 6, box 15, folder 22
"Remarks on the geology and mineralogy of a section of Massachusetts on Connecticut River, with a part of New Hampshire and Vermont," The American Journal of Science , vol. 1, no. 2 1817 Oct
aspace_ref768_r3t
Series 6, box 14, folder 8
"Remarks upon certain points in ichnology," Proceedings of The American Association of Science for 1860 , 1861, vol. 14 1861
aspace_ref948_acr
Series 6, box 17, folder 28
"Remarks upon Mr. Murchison's anniversary address before the London Geological Society," The American Journal of Science , vol. 43 1842
aspace_ref864_9qy
Series 6, box 16, folder 10
Reminiscences of Amherst College (Series 5) 1862-1864
aspace_ref742_j4y
Series 5, box 13, folder 31-34
"A reply to some of the strictures contained in Deacon Hitchcock's journal of Mr. Willard's preaching etc..;" manuscript copy of [Willard's] published reply to Hitchcock's previously published remarks; journal unidentified, copy not in Hitchcock's hand (probably not Edward Hitchcock, who never held or used the title of Deacon) n.d.
aspace_ref1412_kdk
Series 14, box 26A, folder 34a
"Report on certain points in the geology of Massachusetts," Commonwealth of Massachusetts, House Document no. 39 1853 Mar
aspace_ref916_h28
Series 6, box 17, folder 4
"Report on ichnolithology, or fossil footmarks, with a description of several new species, and the coprolites of birds, from the valley of Connecticut River, and of a supposed footmark from the valley of Hudson River," The American Journal of Science , vol. 47 1844
aspace_ref878_1al
Series 6, box 16, folder 24
"Report on the coal field of Bristol County and of Rhode Island," Commonwealth of Massachusetts, House Document no. 45 1853 Mar
aspace_ref917_4ha
Series 6, box 17, folder 5
"Report on the geology of Massachusetts; examined under the direction of the Government of that State, during the years 1830 and 1831," The American Journal of Science , vol. 22, no. 1 1832 Jul
aspace_ref818_ri4
Series 6, box 15, folder 6
"[Report] to the Hunterdon Copper Company," in Report of the Geological Survey and Condition of the Hunterdon Copper Company's Property, Hunterdon County, New Jersey, with Maps and Drawings 1859
aspace_ref939_1e5
Series 6, box 17, folder 24
"[Review of] 1. Essai sur la temperature de l'interieur de la terre. Par M.L. Cordier, 2. Essay on the temperature of the interior of the earth. By M.L. Cordier, translated from the French, by the junior class in Amherst College. 3. Considerations on volcanoes, by Poulett Scrope," The North American Review , vol. 28, no. 63 (new series, vol. 19, no. 38) 1829 Apr
aspace_ref811_rnr
Series 6, box 14, folder 43
"[Review of] A manual of chemistry, on the basis of Professor Brande's; containing the principal facts of the science, arranged in the order in which they are discussed and illustrated in the lectures at Harvard University, N.E. Compiled from the works of Brande, Henry, Berzelius, Thomson and others. By John Webster," The North American Review , vol. 23, no. 53 (new series, vol. 14, no. 28) 1826 Oct
aspace_ref805_6ta
Series 6, box 14, folder 37
"[Review of] A muck manual for farmers, by Samuel L. Dana," The American Journal of Science , vol. 43 1842
aspace_ref865_s5v
Series 6, box 16, folder 11
"[Review of] On dinornis, an extinct genus of tridactyle struthious birds, with descriptions of portions of the skeletons of six species, which formerly existed in New Zealand, by Professor Owen," The American Journal of Science , vol. 48, no. 1 1844 Oct-Dec
aspace_ref891_wqf
Series 6, box 16, folder 29
"Review of 'Outlines of the geology of England and Wales; with an introductory compendium of the general principles of that science: and comparative views of the structure of foreign countries', by Rev. W.D. Conybeare and William Phillips," The American Journal of Science , vol. 7, no. 22 1824
aspace_ref786_zgd
Series 6, box 14, folder 22
"[Review of] Reliquiae Diluvianae; or observations on the organic remains contained in caves, fissures and diluvial gravel, and on other geological phenomena, attesting the action of an universal deluge, by the Rev. William Buckland," Christian Spectator , vol. 6, no. 8 1824 Aug
aspace_ref791_ufy
Series 6, box 14, folder 25
"Review of works on the structure of the Earth: Essay on the temperature of the interior of the earth, by M.L. Cordier; Considerations on volcanoes, by Poullet [i.e. Poulett] Sc[r]ope; Outline of the course of geological lectures given in Yale College, by Benjamin Silliman," Christian Spectator , vol. 11 1829 Sep
aspace_ref813_gpz
Series 6, box 15, folder 2
"The sandstone bird," The Knickerbocker , vol. 8 1836 Dec
aspace_ref850_y5x
Series 6, box 15, folder 24
"Singular case of a man struck by lightening in Conway, Massachusetts," manuscript draft for "Wet or damp clothes, good conductors of lightning" 1822
aspace_ref777_dyj
Series 6, box 14, folder 15
"A sister's death-bed," obituary for Emelia Billings, in unidentified newspaper 1854 Oct 2
aspace_ref924_qmg
Series 6, box 17, folder 10
"A sketch of the geology, mineralogy and scenery of the regions contiguous to the river Connecticut; with a geological map and drawings of organic remains; and occasional botanical notices. Read before the American Geological Society at their sitting; Sept. 11th, 1822," (in 3 parts), The American Journal of Science , vol. 6-7 1823-24
aspace_ref784_w7u
Series 6, box 14, folder 20
"Special divine interpositions in nature," Biblioteca Sacra , vol. 11, no. 44 1854 Oct
aspace_ref923_27k
Series 6, box 17, folder 9
"Specimens of Minerals and Rocks [at Heidelberg]," The American Journal of Science , vol. 39 1840
aspace_ref861_d60
Series 6, box 16, folder 8
Supplement to the Ichnology of New England (Series 5) 1862-1866
aspace_
"Supplement to the 'Remarks on the geology and mineralogy of a section of Massachusetts, on Connecticut River, etc.'," The American Journal of Science , vol. 1 1819
aspace_ref772_kn6
Series 6, box 14, folder 11
"A synopsis of the genera and species of the lithichnozoa of the Hitchcock Ichnological Museum of Amherst College," printed list n.d.
aspace_ref962_xe5
Series 6, box 17, folder 37
Testimonial, dated 1863 Nov 21, in Catalogue of the Academy Series of Casts of Fossils from the Principal Museums of Europe and America , by Henry A. Ward 1870
aspace_ref958_rrb
Series 6, box 17, folder 34
"Tin in Massachusetts," The American Journal of Science , vol. 16 1829 Jul
aspace_ref812_kxz
Series 6, box 15, folder 1
"To the people of New England," The Franklin Herald [1812 Oct?]
aspace_ref759_jty
Series 6, box 14, folder 2
"Topaz," (with Benjamin Silliman), The American Journal of Science , vol. 10 1826
aspace_ref802_hkt
Series 6, box 14, folder 34
"Topaz?" The American Journal of Science , vol. 8 1825
aspace_ref794_axs
Series 6, box 14, folder 27
"Topaz in the White Mountains of New Hampshire," The American Journal of Science , vol. 20 1831
aspace_ref816_kxv
Series 6, box 15, folder 4
"Traces of ancient glaciers in New England," Proceedings of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, 9th Meeting (1855) , 1856 1856
aspace_ref936_c51
Series 6, box 17, folder 21
"Two dams in Northampton, Mass." [a section of "On vibrating dams," by Elias Loomis], The American Journal of Science , vol. 45, no. 2 1843 Oct
aspace_ref871_o30
Series 6, box 16, folder 17
"A view of the falls in Connecticut River," The Portfolio , vol. 6 1818 Jul-Dec
aspace_ref770_hic
Series 6, box 14, folder 9
"Wet or damp clothes, good conductors of lightning. Illustrated in the case of John Williams Esq. of Conway, Massachusetts," The American Journal of Science , vol. 5 1822
aspace_ref779_os0
Series 6, box 14, folder 16
"Why do you not exchange with Unitarian ministers?" in 2 parts, The Spirit of the Pilgrims , vol. 1, no. 9-10 1828 Sep-Oct
aspace_ref809_h2a
Series 6, box 14, folder 41
"... With what rapid strides ...," The Franklin Herald , 1812 Nov 10, manuscript draft and printed article 1812 Nov 10
aspace_ref760_tph
Series 6, box 14, folder 3
Status
Completed
Author
Finding aid prepared by Daria D'Arienzo, John Lancaster, Elaine Trehub, Peter Weis.
Date
2002
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Sponsor
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Repository Details

Part of the Amherst College Archives and Special Collections Repository

Contact:
Amherst College Archives & Special Collections
Robert Frost Library
61 Quadrangle Drive
Amherst MA 01002-5000
(413) 542-2299