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Photograph Albums of the Great Mino-Owari (1891) and Great Kanto (1923) Earthquakes

Identifier: MA.00278
Digital Collection: Photograph Albums of the Great Mino-Owari and Great Kanto Earthquakes
Digital Collection: Photograph Albums of the Great Mino-Owari and Great Kanto Earthquakes

Scope and Contents

This collection contains two bound albums of photographs documenting the aftermath of the Nobi Earthquake (1891) and the Great Kanto Earthquake, 1923. Photographs were printed on printing-out paper. Compilers of the albums are unknown. Volume 2 (Nobi earthquake) bears a label inside the back cover, not concurrent with compilation of album, that seems to indicate that pages were treated with some sort of gaseous preservative. Also inside the back cover of volume 1 are two bus or train ticket stubs, probably issued during the time of the earthquake and inserted by the owner as souvenirs.


  • Creation: 1891-1923

Conditions Governing Access

There is no restriction on access to the Collection for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection should be directed to the Archives and Special Collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Biographical / Historical

The 1891 Mino-Owari earthquake struck the former Japanese provinces of Mino and Owari in the Nobi Plain in the early morning of October 28. The event, also known as the Great Nobi Earthquake, is the largest known inland earthquake to have occurred in the Japanese archipelago. The shock occurred near Nagoya, and was felt throughout the country, but was the strongest in central Japan. The cities of Gifu and Ogaki experienced heavy damage, due largely to fire, but Osaka and Nagoya were also significantly affected. Estimated casualties: 7,273 dead and 17,175 injured.

The Great Kanto earthquake struck the Kanto Plain on the Japanese main island of Honshu on Saturday, September 1, 1923. This was the deadliest earthquake in Japanese history, and at the time was the most powerful earthquake ever recorded in the region. A strong typhoon struck Tokyo Bay at about the same time as the earthquake. Altogether, the earthquake and typhoon killed an estimated 99,300 people, and another 43,500 were missing.


0.25 Linear feet (1 half archives box)

Language of Materials



This collections contains two albums of photographs of the Great Mino-Owari Earthquake (also known as the Great Nobi Earkthquake), 1891, and the Great Kanto Earthquake, 1923. Compiler(s) unknown.

Physical Description

(0.25 linear feet)

Peter A. Nelson
Language of description
Script of description
Code for undetermined script

Repository Details

Part of the Amherst College Archives and Special Collections Repository

Amherst College Archives & Special Collections
Robert Frost Library
61 Quadrangle Drive
Amherst MA 01002-5000
(413) 542-2299