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Heman Humphrey Sermons

 Collection
Identifier: MA.00212

Scope and Contents

A collection of Humphrey's sermons in holograph and one bound volume of sermons published as pamphlets between 1813 and 1861. The collection includes his printed sermons on temperance, slavery and Native American rights.

Dates

  • 1813-1861

Creator

Conditions Governing Access

There is no restriction on access to the collection for research use. Particularly fragile items may be restricted for preservation purposes.

Conditions Governing Use

Requests for permission to publish material from the collection should be directed to the Archives and Special Collections. It is the responsibility of the researcher to identify and satisfy the holders of all copyrights.

Biographical / Historical

Heman Humphrey (1779-1861), educator and Congregational clergyman, was the second President of Amherst College (1823-1844). He was born in Hartford County, Conn. and graduated from Yale University with an A.M. in 1805. He was ordained a Congregational minister on March 16, 1807. He pastored in Fairfield, Conn., 1807-1817, and Pittsfield, Mass., 1817-1823. In the third year of his pastorate in Fairfield (1810), he began active proselytizing on behalf of the temperance movement, preaching and writing two books: Intemperance: An Address to the Churches and Congregations of the Western District of Fairfield (1813) and Parallel between Intemperance and the Slave Trade (1828).

On the basis of his pastoral and temperance work, Humphrey had become well known to the trustees of Amherst Academy (the founders of Amherst College). After the sudden death in June of 1823 of the first president of Amherst College, Zephaniah Moore, Humphrey was called to the presidency as his replacement. Humphrey's first and most lasting contribution as president of Amherst was to procure a charter for the college from the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. The charter (obtained in 1825) gave the college badly needed recognition and was secured despite opposition from Williams College and Harvard, both of which feared the loss of students and revenue to the upstart institution.

The Humphrey administration began with great enthusiasm. Preferring that his students worship as a group, Humphrey started the Church of Amherst College, leading the Congregational services himself. Great emphasis was placed on the spiritual development of the students, with six revivals taking place during the administration. By 1830 he had founded the Antivenenean Society, whose members were required to abstain from alcohol, tobacco, and narcotics.

President Humphrey resigned his post on January 19, 1844. After leaving Amherst College he relocated to Pittsfield and continued to write, preach and lecture.

(Source: Edward L. Lach, Jr., http://www.anb.org/articles/09/09-00370.html, Humphrey, Heman; American National Biography Online Feb. 2000.)

Extent

1.5 Linear feet (2 archives boxes, 1 bound volume)

Language of Materials

English

Abstract

A collection of Humphrey's sermons in holograph and one bound volume of sermons published as pamphlets between 1813 and 1861. The collection includes his printed sermons on temperance, slavery and Native American rights.

Arrangement

This collection is organized into two series:

  1. Series 1: Manuscript Sermons, 1822-1831
  2. Series 2: Printed Pamphlets, 1813-1861

Related Materials

Non-Alumni Biographical Files -- Humphrey, Heman

Status
Completed
Author
Janet Ha, Archives Student Assistant; Peter Nelson, Archivist.
Date
2011
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin

Repository Details

Part of the Amherst College Archives and Special Collections Repository

Contact:
Amherst College Archives & Special Collections
Robert Frost Library
61 Quadrangle Drive
Amherst MA 01002-5000
(413) 542-2299