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Albert Wells Hubbard (AC 1867) Family Papers

Identifier: MA.00092

Scope and Contents

The Hubbard Family Papers date from circa 1864 to 1909. The majority of the papers represent personal correspondence among Albert Wells Hubbard, his wife Emma Roxanna Spencer Hubbard and their immediate family. Correspondence with friends and colleagues is also included. The papers chronicle A.W. Hubbard's graduate years at Princeton until several years after his death in 1899. The bulk of the material documents his years as a missionary in Turkey between 1873 and 1899.

Although Albert Wells Hubbard is the central figure in the collection, correspondence of Emma Roxanna Spencer Hubbard is well represented. Emma corresponded regularly with Albert's siblings and parents, and it is through her correspondence that the researcher is introduced to the extended Spencer family; her sisters and parents. Correspondence with their children is located in Series 1 and 2 of the papers.


  • Creation: 1864-1909


Conditions Governing Access

In general, there are no restrictions on access to the collection for research use.

Conditions Governing Use

Requests to publish material from the papers should be directed to the Amherst College Archives and Special Collections.

Biographical / Historical

Albert Wells Hubbard (AC 1867), the son of Chauncey P. and Mary (Wells) Hubbard, was born in Cameron, N.Y., October 18, 1841, and was fitted for college in the preparatory department of Alfred University, N.Y. He also attended Alfred in 1863 for his first year in college. He entered Amherst College in September 1864, graduating in 1867.

Hubbard obtained his theological education at Princeton Seminary, graduating in 1870. He was ordained on May 1, 1870 in Dillsburg, Pennsylvania, and was pastor of the Monaghan Presbyterian Church there until 1873.

In the autumn of 1873 he married Emma R. Spencer and entered the service of the American Board of Missions. His first assignment was the station in Sivas, Western Turkey where he and Emma continued their missionary work until his death from pneumonia and pleurisy on April 13, 1899. The Hubbards had eight children, of whom four would graduate from Amherst College: Ray Spencer (b. December 3, 1875, AC 1900), Crescens (b. September 1, 1877, AC 1900), Hugh Wells (b. March 19, 1887, AC 1908), and Theodore Horace (b. July 5, 1892, AC 1914).

Members of the Hubbard and Spencer families who appear in the collection are:

Father of Albert W. Hubbard:

Chauncey Pomeroy Hubbard, b. November 17, 1803, d. 1894.

Siblings of Albert W. Hubbard:

Emily, b. June 3, 1832 Ann Maria, b. April 27, 1834 Adelaide, b. February 19, 1837 Mary Adelia, b. January 20, 1839 Theodore Sedgwick, b. July 6, 1843 Chauncey George, b. October 16, 1845 Alma Rose, b. February 22, 1850 Mary Annette, b. November 9, 1851, d. 1852 Parents of Emma R. Spencer Hubbard:

Judge George T. Spencer Harriet Stacy, b. 1830, d. May 7, 1897

Siblings of Emma R. Spencer Hubbard:

Harriet Augusta (Hattie), married Rev. Horace N. Pond. Betsy, married Frederic William Kriger Clarissa Chapman, married Harry H. Pratt George Stacy Spencer Hugh Spencer (AC 1908), b. March 19, 1887, d. March 9, 1975 Mary, b. May 22, 1890 Theodore Horace (AC 1914), b. July 5, 1892, d. February 3, 1967

Albert Wells and Emma Spencer Hubbard

October 18: Albert Wells Hubbard born
April 9: Emma born
AWH graduated from Alfred Academy
AWH entered Amherst College
AWH graduated Amherst College
AWH graduated Princeton Seminary
May 1: AWH ordained
August 25: AWH married Emma R. Spencer
Entered American Board of Missions
November: Began living in Sivas
Deceber 3: Ray Spencer born
September 1: Crescens born
Faith born
February 22: Loyal George, Royal Chauncey born
March19: Hugh Wells born
May 22: Mary born
July 5: Theodore Horace born
April 13: Albert dies at age 57
September 5: Emma dies at age 92


1 Linear feet (2 archives boxes)

Language of Materials



Correspondence, reports,and two photographs from circa 1864 to 1909, chronicling Albert Wells Hubbard's graduate years at Princeton until several years after his death in 1899. The bulk of the collection is personal correspondence among A. W. Hubbard, his wife Emma Roxanna Spencer Hubbard, and their immediate family. A large portion of the material documents his years as a missionary in Turkey between 1873 and 1899.


The Hubbard Papers are a combination of two gifts and consist of letters from Sivas from the Hubbards to their families and children dating from 1864 to 1902. The first gift, received on June 14, 1972, came from Hugh Wells Hubbard, Amherst class of 1908 and son of Albert Wells and Emma R. Spencer Hubbard. This accession included letters from A.W. Hubbard and E.R.S. Hubbard, living in Sivas, to their children and relatives, and date from 1873 to 1901. The second gift, received on June 22, 1993, came from Emma Hubbard Martin, daughter of Hugh Hubbard, and included approximately 100 letters dating from 1864 to 1902.

The two gifts are organized together within each given series. Each letter from the separate acquisitions is in a separate folder and its individual accession number is noted. Thus, provenance of the documents is clear.

This collection is organized into four series:

  1. Series 1: Albert Wells Hubbard (1841-1899) Correspondence
  2. Series 2: Emma Spencer Hubbard Correspondence
  3. Series 3: Hugh Wells Hubbard Correspondence
  4. Series 4: Mary and H.T. Perry Correspondence

Processing Information

Processed in April–June 1994 by P. Scott Lipinski, Intern, Simmons College of Library and Information Science

Listed in March 1995 by Kimberley L.H. Hickie, Archives Assistant for Projects

P. Scott Lipinski
Language of description
Script of description
Encoding funded by the Andrew W. Mellon Foundation.

Repository Details

Part of the Amherst College Archives and Special Collections Repository

Amherst College Archives & Special Collections
Robert Frost Library
61 Quadrangle Drive
Amherst MA 01002-5000
(413) 542-2299